India, officially the Republic of India, is a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic with a parliamentary system of government.
The seventh largest country by geographical area and the second most populous, India is home to over 1.2 billion people and the world’s largest democracy.
It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; the People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
India consists of 28 states and seven union territories. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts. The districts in turn, are further divided into tehsils and eventually into villages.
India covers the major portion of the Indian sub-continent and has diverse terrain. From the mountainous foothills of the Himalaya to the lush rainforests of the South, the temperatures vary from searing heat in the summer to heavy monsoon rains and bitter cold in the winter.
The country holds a growing urban population and a broad range of modern industries, including technology services, engineering goods and chemicals.
However, many Indian people still eke a living through agriculture and a third of the population lives belwo the poverty line.